Arrest of an Accused: Its Legal Provisions

The police officer has wide powers for making arrest without warrant when a reasonable complaint or credible information reaches him, but it should be exercised cautiously. The police officer must have sufficient materials for exercising independent judgement at the time of making arrest. Police Officer has enough discretion in making arrest without warrant. That must be exercised not at his sweet will, but when there is reasonably founded suspicion as to commission of a cognizable offence.

Registration of Marriage even after both Died or Divorced

Kerala Registration of Marriages (Common) Rules of 2008 allow registration of marriage and issue of marriage certificates even after one of the life partners dies. The law is silent on whether it is possible to register a marriage when both the life partners are not alive. However, there have been some cases in which the marriage has been registered and certificate was issued after the demise of both the husband and the wife, in one case, and after the couple got a divorce decree from a court despite having no prior registration of marriage, in another case.

Survey Officer can decide Boundaries, but not the Title

Under Section 9 of the Kerala Survey and Boundary Act 1961 (KSBA), the survey officer has the power to determine and record any boundary as undisputed in respect of which no dispute is brought to his notice. However, they cannot decide the question of a disputed title which a court alone can do. This is what the High Court of Kerala says in Thomas and Others v Philip [ 2022 (4) KHC 451].

Can a Cheque be Paid after the Death of its Maker?

A cheque which has been issued by a person but presented by the drawee after his death, cannot be paid by the bank. On the death of the drawer of a cheque, the cheque issued by him ceases to be a valid cheque. The reason is that on the moment of the death of the drawer of the cheque the balance amount available on his bank account will vests in his nominee or legal heir.

Child Witness is Competent to Give Evidence

All persons are competent to testify as a witness under Section 118 of the Indian Evidence Act. But a person who is unable to understand the question put to him or to give relational answer to the question owning to tender age, extreme old age, disease of mind or body or any other cause is not a competent witness. In criminal case, the basic test of competence is whether the person is able to understand questions put to him as a witness and give answers to them which can be understood.

Watching or Sharing Sexual Materials: Is it a Crime?

Watching the pornographic content, except child rape or child pornography or violence against women, in a private space is not at all illegal in India. But sharing and distribution of such content/material is illegal. However, watching the pornographic content such as child rape, child pornography, or violence against women, in a private space itself is a criminal offence.

SC Judgement in EPF Pension Case

In the judgement delivered on 4th November 2022 in the EPFO v B Sunil Kumar & Connected Cases, the Supreme Court (SC) upheld the Employees' Pension (Amendment) Scheme 2014. The 2014 amendment fixed the maximum salary for joining the EPF Pension Scheme to be Rs 15,000 per month with effect from 1st September 2014.

Permissibility of DNA Test in Court Cases

The Article 20(3) of the Constitution of India protects an individual from giving testimonial evidence against himself. But despite such a safeguard an accused cannot escape from giving his blood sample during the investigation of a criminal case on the basis of that protection, the Kerala High Court in Das @ Anu v. State of Kerala ruled.