Conviction based on Testimony of Sole Witness

A conviction of an accused can be recorded based on the testimony of the single witness. While doing so the court must be satisfied that the testimony of the sole witness is of sterling quality, free from any blemish or suspicion to connect solely on the testimony of single witness [Bhimappa Chandrappa Hosamani v State of Karnataka : 2006 AIR SC 5043].

Sanction Needed to order Investigation u/s 19 of PCA

The government sanction, under section 19 of the Prevention of Corruption Act (PCA), is a prerequisite for a court in ordering an investigation under Section 156(3) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) on a private complaint, against a public servant, the High Court of Kerala states in  C.V. Balan & Ors. v. State of Kerala & Ors.

Suicide due to Dowry Harassment u/s 498A & 304B IPC

Minor quarrels between spouses due to differences of opinion or sporadic instances of ill-treatment would not establish an offence of cruelty under Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), says the High Court of Kerala in Sreekumar s/o Chellappan Chettiyar v State of Kerala [2024 (1) KLT 382] delivered on 4th January 2024.

Magistrate’s 202(1) Inquiry by Affidavit in Section 138 NI Cases

In cheque dishnour cases, when the accused resides beyond the territorial jurisdiction of the court, the inquiry to be conducted under Section 202 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), shall be conducted on affidavit, on receipt of complaints under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act (NI Act) to arrive at sufficient grounds to proceed against the accused. This was issued by the Suprem Court (SC) in the suo moto case in a constitutional Bench case : In re: Expeditious Trial of Cases Under Section 138

Use of Documents under RTI as Evidence in Courts

The Section 65 (f) of the IEA allows certified copies permitted under the IEA or by any other law in force in India to be treated as secondary evidence. The RTI Act falls within the ambit of "any other law in force in India.” Therefore the certified copies obtained through the RTI Act can be treated as secondary evidence and can be admitted in court and they can be presumed to be true, unlike a private document.

Proving a Will when attesting Witness is not Found

An instrument, such as a Will, mortgage deed, or gift deed, which needs to be compulsory attested as per law, shall not be used in evidence, unless one attesting witness has been called to the court for proving its execution, if the attesting witness is alive, living with in the sphere of the process of the court, and can give evidence, under Section 68 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (IEA).