Cheque Dishonour Cases u/s N I 138

The five elements of a cheque dishonor case are drawing the cheque by the accused on an account maintained by him, presentation of the cheque to the Bank by the payee, returning the cheque unpaid by the drawee bank, the payee issuing a demand notice to the drawer of the cheque, and the failure on the part of the drawer to make payment within 15 days of the receipt of notice. When the five elements exist then the payee has a valid ground for filing a cheque case. The Magistrate while taking cognizance has to look into whether the ingredients have been made out.