Abetment of Wife’s Suicide under Section 306 IPC

A man cannot be held guilty for abetment of suicide of his wife, under Section 306 of the Indian Penal code (IPC) read with Section 113 A of the Indian Evidence Act (IEA), within seven years of marriage, unless there is cogent evidence of harassment or cruelty, the Supreme Court has said in Naresh Kumar v State of Haryana [2024 (1) KLD 427 (SC)].

Suppression of Facts & Repudiation of Insurance Claim

Suppression of details regarding the illness suffered by the insurance proposer/assured, the previous treatment administered to him including hospitalization, and so on, which are raised as specific queries in the proposal form of the insurance company are material facts, and in the event of any material suppression or furnishing of false information by the proposer/assured regarding the same, the Insurance Company would be entitled to repudiate the policy, says the Kerala High Court in Life Insurance Corporation v Rosamma Varkey.

Evidence must be Construed in favour of the Accused

On the basis of evidence on record in a court proceeding, if two equally sustainable views - one in favourable to the accused and the other against him - are equally possible, the court should take the one that is favourable to the accused, but not the other, says the Supreme Court (SC) in Chandrappa & Others v State of Karnataka

Stay Orders will not Expire in Six months: SC

In High Court Bar Association Allahabad v State Of Uttar Pradesh & Ors, a Constitutional Bench of the Supreme Court (SC) on 29th February 2024 overturned its 2018 Asian Resurfacing judgment which mandated that the interim orders passed by High Courts staying trials in civil and criminal cases will automatically expire after six months from the date of the order, unless expressly extended by the High Courts.

Conviction based on Testimony of Sole Witness

A conviction of an accused can be recorded based on the testimony of the single witness. While doing so the court must be satisfied that the testimony of the sole witness is of sterling quality, free from any blemish or suspicion to connect solely on the testimony of single witness [Bhimappa Chandrappa Hosamani v State of Karnataka : 2006 AIR SC 5043].

Sanction Needed to order Investigation u/s 19 of PCA

The government sanction, under section 19 of the Prevention of Corruption Act (PCA), is a prerequisite for a court in ordering an investigation under Section 156(3) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) on a private complaint, against a public servant, the High Court of Kerala states in  C.V. Balan & Ors. v. State of Kerala & Ors.

Suicide due to Dowry Harassment u/s 498A & 304B IPC

Minor quarrels between spouses due to differences of opinion or sporadic instances of ill-treatment would not establish an offence of cruelty under Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), says the High Court of Kerala in Sreekumar s/o Chellappan Chettiyar v State of Kerala [2024 (1) KLT 382] delivered on 4th January 2024.

Magistrate’s 202(1) Inquiry by Affidavit in Section 138 NI Cases

In cheque dishnour cases, when the accused resides beyond the territorial jurisdiction of the court, the inquiry to be conducted under Section 202 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), shall be conducted on affidavit, on receipt of complaints under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act (NI Act) to arrive at sufficient grounds to proceed against the accused. This was issued by the Suprem Court (SC) in the suo moto case in a constitutional Bench case : In re: Expeditious Trial of Cases Under Section 138